Geography of Uttar Pradesh

Detailed Notes for Uttar Pradesh Geography

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Geography of Uttar Pradesh plays a crucial role in not only Uttar Pradesh PSC Prelims Exam but even
UPPSC Mains Exam. Uttar Pradesh Geography Notes are designed by UPPSC Toppers and other civil servants. Detail Notes can be browsed at the following links.








Faqs on Geography of Uttar Pradesh

Where is Uttar Pradesh located in India?

Uttar Pradesh is situated in the northern part of India. It is bordered by Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest, Haryanato the west and southwest, Rajasthan to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Jharkhand and Bihar to the east, and Nepal to the north.

 What is the total geographical area of Uttar Pradesh?

Uttar Pradesh covers approximately 240,928 square kilometers, making it the fourth largest state in India by area.

Describe the main physiographic divisions of Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh is primarily divided into three physiographic regions:

  • The Gangetic Plain: This fertile plain covers most of the state and is formed by the alluvial deposits of the Ganga and its tributaries.
  • The Vindhya Range: This range forms the southern boundary of the state.
  • The Shivalik Range: This range forms the northern boundary of the state and is part of the Himalayan foothills.

 Which is the highest peak in Uttar Pradesh?

Nanda Devi, located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, is the highest peak in Uttar Pradesh. However, it is technically shared with Uttarakhand.

 Name the major rivers flowing through Uttar Pradesh.

The major rivers in Uttar Pradesh include the Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghara, Gomti, Ramganga, Rapti, Ken, Betwa, and Chambal.

Which river is considered the lifeline of Uttar Pradesh?

The Ganga River is considered the lifeline of Uttar Pradesh due to its cultural, religious, and agricultural significance.

 What type of climate does Uttar Pradesh experience?

Uttar Pradesh has a humid subtropical climate with hot summers and cool winters. It receives rainfall mainly from the southwest monsoon.

 What are the major soil types found in Uttar Pradesh?

Uttar Pradesh has a variety of soil types, including alluvial soil (most common), black soil, red soil, and laterite soil.

 What percentage of Uttar Pradesh’s area is covered by forests?

Approximately 6.87% of Uttar Pradesh’s total area is covered by forests.

 Name some important wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Uttar Pradesh.

Notable wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Uttar Pradesh include Dudhwa National Park, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary, and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary.


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